Surface Area: 64 square kilometres
What the natives are called: Alamedanos or “lameatos”
Outstanding Sights: Andalusian Rural Museum, Roman Baths archaeological site and visitor centre, José María ‘El Tempranillo’ mausoleum and courtyard, La Camorra scenic viewpoint, Church of La Inmaculada Concepción, fountain at La Placeta.
Geographical Location: in the northern part of the Antequera region, 72 kilometres from Málaga and 432 metres above sea level. Annual rainfall is about 610 litres per square metre and the average temperature is 16º C.
The municipality of Alameda lies in the Antequera region in the northern part of the province of Málaga and stretches over a plain on which only a few low hills interrupt a level landscape abounding with olive groves, as might be expected in a territory so close to the countryside of Córdoba and Seville.
Due to its location Alameda was, like other neighbouring villages, a crossroads between the provinces of Málaga, Granada and Seville, so the first human settlements date back to the Chalcolithic or Eneolithic period (2,500 B.C.), but the most numerous relics from past ages relate to the Roman domination.
The historian Pliny refers to the city of Astigi Vetus, which would have stood in the same place presently occupied by Alameda. Here three of the most important Roman roads converged, an unmistakable sign of the importance of this locality during that era.
From that time, except for the discovery of a "little treasure" from the sixth century (the Visigoth period), no reliable documents exist exploring the history of Alameda until well into the sixteenth century, despite the fact that during the Arabic domination the entire region of Antequera –all of Andalusia, in fact– played a significant part.
The village passed into the hands of the Marquises of Estepa in the sixteenth century, and for a while it belonged to the province of Seville. In the late seventeenth century, coinciding with the economic recovery of the entire region, Alameda also benefited from greater economic activity and regained a degree of importance. The municipality was finally incorporated into the province of Málaga in the nineteenth century under the new administrative regime.
The easiest and fastest way to get to this locality from the city of Málaga is to take the A-45 (N-331) to the outskirts of Antequera, and there to connect with the A-92 and go towards Seville. Upon arrival at Mollina, take the MA- 703, which leads to Alameda. Another option is to go to Fuente de Piedra, six kilometres beyond Mollina on the same A-92, and then take the MA-701.
Full graphical path: http://bit.ly/MuqL9j
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