Surface Area: 34.5 square kilometres
What the natives are called: Pecheros
Outstanding Sights: Santa Ana church, Arco de Alozaina (Alozaina Arch), María Sagredo castle, Hoyos de los Peñones Mirador Park, Fuente el Albar, Jardines Picasso, Jorox
Geographical Location: between the River Guadalhorce valley region, to which it belongs, and the Ronda highlands, 52 kilometres from Málaga and 41 from the city of Ronda. The centre of the village is 386 metres above sea level and the average annual precipitation in the region is 700 litres per square metre. The average temperature is 17 º C.
Alozaina’s territory extends from the Sierra Prieta range in the north to the Río Grande valley in the south, linking the eastern watershed of the Ronda Mountains with the River Guadalhorce valley. These are two very different regions that give this district remarkable scenic diversity.
The most spectacular spots in the municipality of Alozaina are on the slopes of the Sierra Prieta. In this region one finds La Ventanilla, which is reached by the Cuesta de Pino Alto forest trail. This trip is a feast for the eyes but it might be considered just a preparation for the sight awaiting the traveller, at the moment he looks out over the Guadalhorce Valley, lying at his feet in all its splendour.
The word Alozaina might mean "fortress" or "healthy or good place" or it could be a female name related to Husein, the good one. There are documents naming it Alhosayna or Jorin or Jorol in the ninth and tenth centuries. The village is halfway from the plains to the mountains. The landscape is made of olive groves, fruit orchards and crop fields against the backdrop of Sierra Prieta, whose mountaintop reaches 1,525 metres above sea level.
Relics in the form of hunting weapons discovered in the cave called Cueva del Algarrobo or Cueva de las Vacas indicate that the first human settlement in this region dates back to the Upper Palaeolithic period, and in Cueva de la Mesa a burial site and a tiny trumpet made of gold from the Bronze Age have been found. At present, they can be seen in the Archaeological Museum in Málaga.
The "Villa de Alozaina" became a chartered town on October 12, 1492. On July 8, 1568, led by Lorenzo Alfaquí and El Jubeli, six hundred rebels of Moorish origin attacked the village while the men were away working in the fields. The women defended the village. Out of them, María Sagredo stood out for her courage. She defended the castle, killed a Moorish soldier and hurt many of them with her arrows. Moreover, she threw honeycombs at them and finally they ran away. "María, the flies from your country bite really hard!," they cried. The event is recorded on Alozaina's coat of arms.
In 1977 Alozaina received the 1st National Award to Town Embellishment, granted to Spanish towns.
If you are coming from Málaga, take the A-357. Immediately after Cártama take the A-355 towards Coín and then the A-366, on which the village is located.
Full graphical path: http://bit.ly/nqdTtV
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Costa del Sol Tourist Board - Plaza de la Marina, nº4 - 29015 Málaga - Tel: +34952126272 - Fax: +34952225207 - firstname.lastname@example.org