Málaga province, especially the inland area, boasts a rich architectural heritage, a legacy of the many peoples and cultures who have come and settled here.
There are the cities and towns that have been declared Historical and Artistic Heritage Sites, like Ronda, Antequera, Carratraca, Macharaviaya, Monda and Casares, together with the historic city centres or old quarters of Vélez-Málaga, Mijas, Archidona and the city of Málaga. The monumental ensemble comprising the Gibralfaro Castle, the Roman Theatre and the Alcazaba is of particular note as it combines elements from Málaga's Phoenician, Roman and Nasrid eras.
Málaga and Al-Andalus architecture
Eight centuries of Muslim culture has left its mark on the city's layout, agricultural distribution, popular architecture and even typical uses and customs.
Álora, Teba,Fuengirola and Cañete la Real still retain very well-preserved castles that you can visit; Ronda's Arabic baths or the Alcazabas of Antequera and Vélez-Málaga are some of the finest examples of Al-Andalus architecture.
Grand buildings, palaces and temples
Antequera and Ronda are two cities that maintain their important stamp on the history of Andalusia and Spain. Palaces, imposing houses emblazoned with coats of arms, collegiate churches and convents demonstrate their economic, strategic and logistical power. Examples include the Royal Collegiate Churches of Santa María la Mayor and San Sebastián in Antequera, the Mondragón Palace, the two-hundred year old Ronda Bullring and the emblematic bridges across the Tajo gorge.
The most significant archaeological remains in Málaga province can be found at the Antequera Dolmens Archaeological Site, which takes its name from the Menga and Viera dolmens and also takes in the Tholos of El Romeral and a series of sites directly related to the megalithic necropolis.
The Antequera Dolmens Site, which contains the Dolmens, El Torcal and the Peña de los Enamorados (Lover's Rock), has recently been added to UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites.