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- Town history
Humilladero is a village in the Vega de Antequera, surrounded by agricultural landscapes and natural enclaves. Its name comes from the cross that was erected in the XV century to commemorate an oath that the Infante Don Fernando did before the Christian conquest of Antequera.
The town is peaceful and people are friendly, Humilladero proudly displays in its urban landscape, the work of local artisans: lanterns and wrought iron made of railings that adorn the simple streets. A place to rest and enjoy the charms of rural life.
IN HUMILLADERO YOU CANNOT MISS
The most symbolic monument of the town is the cross that gives its name. With more historical value than the artistic value, the Cross of Humilladero recalls the pledge made by the Infante Don Fernando in the XV century. His promise was not to sheathe the sword to conquer Antequera, in power of the Arabs. After the taking of the city, the cross was erected and the town of Humilladero was founded.
TheChurch of Santísimo Cristo de la Misericordia (the Holy Christ of Mercy) or parish of Virgen del Rosario (Our Lady of the Rosary) is the other enclave of interest in this agricultural town. It was built in the XIX century and it is dedicated to the Saint of the town. The Portada (cover) and torre de planta cuadrada (square tower) are the most striking elements of the temple. In the hamlet of Los Carvajals, you can also visit the shrine of St. James.
From the Arab era, in Humilladero various archaeological remains in artificial caves scattered throughout the town have been discovered. The most important is the cueva del Zapato (cave of shoe), located near the pico Pollo. From the top, beautiful panoramic views of the Natural Reserve of La Laguna of Fuente de Piedra are obtained.
Humilladero is about 70 kilometres from Málaga, and you can get there either by car or public transport. By car, take the Málaga motorway (A-45) and reach your destination in about 55 minutes. You can also take the A-357, but that route will take an hour and 15 minutes.By public transport, you can get there by taking the regional bus that covers the Málaga-Alameda route making a stop in Humilladero. It will take an hour and 30 minutes by bus.
Humilladero is nestled between the towns of Mollina and Fuente de Piedra, and its territory extends to the mountains of the same name. This place is covered by a forest of pine and has a recreational area known as 'La Sierrecilla'. It is an ideal place for trekking.
To know about Humilladero natural environment, there are three routes that can be travelled on foot, mountain bike or horseback. Two of them link this town of Malaga inner Malaga with the Laguna de la Ratosa and with Fuente de Piedra. The third route leads to the Sierra de Humilladero and pico Pollo from which the valley of Antequera is divided.
Special environmental importance has the Natural Reserve of the Laguna de la Ratosa. In this wetland of 22.7 hectares, flamingos, stilts, avocets, ducks and cabochons can be seen at certain times of year.
One of the most unique celebrations of Humilladero is the festival of Chuchete de Botijos, which coincides with the Carnival. Gathered in a town plaza, residents dressed up for the occasion prepare for each other, earthenware pitchers (clay pot stew made always for drinking fresh water). Whoever lets it drops, loses the game and must leave the circle.
Also, the festivities of the Virgen Del Rosario are very popular. On the last Sunday of September comes the pilgrimage, and in the area of La Sierrecilla, a joint meal is organized. Already in October, it is the Triduum in honor of the Saint, which concludes with a procession.
San Juan Fair in the month of June, is another notable date of the festive calendar in Humilladero. Musical performances, dances, cooking contests, sports competitions and races tape broaden its program of activities.
At Easter procession, the Crucified Christ or of the 'Girls', having only women and Virgen de los Dolores leave. The moment of greatest emotion comes when the two images are in the centre of town, bursting with the fervour and devotion of its neighbours.
Other events featured in this town in the district of Antequera are Andalucia Day (February 28), Labour Day (May 1) and the Fair of Emigrant. With the latter, tribute is paid to those who had to leave town for work.
The cuisine of Humilladero follows the culinary tradition of the people of the Valley of Antequera and is based on products from crops in the area. Flour and olive oil produced in the town are the essential ingredients of the local cuisine, which also have a major role played by the asparagus of the hills of Humilladero.
The most representative dishes are the porra (truncheon) 'maja' (tomato, bread and pepper crushed with oil to liquefy the mixture), gazpacho (the fantastic cold soup of tomato, cucumber, pepper, garlic and olive oil), migas (pieces of bread sauteed with garlic, more pork, peppers, sardines, among other possible accompaniments) and potato stew. To go with this, nothing better than wine produced in this area and pork from the pig. In the chapter of the pastry, fritters outstand (sweet dough generally rubbed with honey) and donuts of orange or wine.
An inscription on the foundation stone of the Humbling Cross attests to the foundation of the village in 1618. However, records at the town archives in Antequera mention 1410 as the foundation year. The village emerged and developed as the living place of the workers in a huge farmhouse called "El Convento".
The name is associated with the conquest of Antequera by the Christian troops in the fifteenth century. The army led by Infant Ferdinand was joined by others in the area, including that led by Per Afán de Ribera, bringing the sword belonging to Saint Ferdinand with him. Falling to his knees, the Prince Regent swore he would not sheathe the sword again before conquering the main city in the region.
The other knights also fell to their knees and supported his oath. When Antequera fell, the place was marked with a stone cross to remind locals and visitors of the Infant"s humiliation. The Catholic Monarchs stopped by it on their way to Granada.
In modern times, little farms emerged in the area that is now the town centre. In those days, Humilladero was a suburb of Antequera. The situation did not change until 1810, when the town council was established and the village gained independence.
The gradual population and urban growth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries shaped the town as it stands today. The local population grew with the arrival of many immigrants from neighbouring villages, who came attracted by the availability of land after the fall of Antequera.
In the second half of the twentieth century, Humilladero experienced significant growth. Today"s compact town centre consolidated between the 1970s and the 1980s, and new expansion areas developed out of it.
Humilladero's cuisine has a foundation in locally harvested products. Some of the fundamental ingredients of its dishes are flour, olive oil and asparagus from the Sierra de Humilladero mountains.The most representative dishes are the "majá" porra, gazpacho, migas and the potato stew, best paired with the locally-main wine. As for desserts, the pestiños and the orange or wine doughnuts stand out.
- Inhabitants (2,501-5,000)
- Inland area